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## Quantitative Topics & Concepts Tested on GRE

#### February 4, 2014

If any one of you has started studying from the official guide of the new revised GRE (2nd Edition) you will notice a certain trend – word problems abound. There are a lot of inequalities as well and a few probability and combinatorics questions. There is plenty of Statistics and but not a lot of geometry. Quantitative comparison questions are frequent as well along with many questions on the time consuming data interpretation.

In this post I have used the official guide to come up with an exhaustive list of topics and concepts tested on the GRE quantitative section. You will not see anything outside of these topics, neither would you see all of them at once. Just beware that these days probability, sequences and statistics are hot topics on the GRE, so emphasize on these a lot more than others.

A point that you must take a note of here is that the Math skills required to do well on the GRE quantitative reasoning section are of a very basic level. No advanced mathematics topics such as differentiation or integration are tested and all topics are within the reach of a tenth grade student. In general the quantitative reasoning section on the GRE assesses:

1. Basic Mathematical skills.
2. Understanding of elementary mathematical concepts.
3. Ability to reason quantitatively & to model and solve problems with quantitative methods.

The skills and concepts are tested in the following areas:

### Arithmetic

• PEMDAS/BODMAS
• Arithmetic Operations
• Number Lines
• Number Approximation & Estimation
• Prime Numbers & Factorization
• Factors and Multiples
• Remainders
• Odd & Even Integers
• Evenly Spaced Sets
• Exponents & roots
• Percentage & Ratios
• Direct & Inverse Proportionality
• Absolute Value & Modulus
• Fractions, Decimals & Digits
• Number sequences

### Algebra

• Simultaneous Equations
• Functions & Special Symbol Formulas
• Inequalities
• Inequalities with Absolute Values

### Geometry

• Parallel & perpendicular lines
• Circles
• Triangles, quadrilaterals and other polygons
• Congruent & similar figures
• Area, perimeter, volume
• Pythagorean theorem
• Angle measurement in degrees
• 3D geometry
• Coordinate Geometry
• Graphs of functions & Parabolas

### Word problems

• Speed distance problems
• Work rate problems
• Age problems
• Mixture questions
• Venn diagrams
• Simple & compound interests

### Data Interpretation

• Line graphs
• Bar graphs
• Histograms
• Circle graphs
• Box plots
• Scatter plots
• Frequency distributions

### Statistics

• Mean
• Median
• Mode
• Range
• Percentiles
• Standard deviation
• Interquartile range
• Quartiles and percentiles
• Normal Distribution

### Probability

• Probabilities of compound events and independent events
• Random variables
• Probability distributions
• Counting methods, such as combinations and permutations

## Benefits of a Good GRE Score

There are ample benefits of a good GRE score. Some require a GRE score in only admission decisions; others use it in making scholarship decisions as well.

## What’s Easier and Better: GRE or GMAT?

The GMAT is required almost exclusively for MBA while the GRE is used for a broad range of other disciplines such as engineering and humanities.

## The GRE is Not Hard, the GRE is Tricky

As a GRE instructor, I get asked a lot whether or not the GRE is hard. My answer is simply this: The GRE is not hard, the GRE is tricky.